Castles and Forts – By Prof. J.K. Anquandah

The Krobo As A People pdf print preview send to friend By Valentina Ayongo Tetteh
April 28, 2014

Every nation has its cultural hallmark which memorializes it in the global context. Egypt is celebrated for its Pharaonic pyramids and temples. Saharan Algeria Libya and Chad are famous for their Prehistoric paintings and engravings.

Nigeria is noted for its ancient NOK, Ife and Benin art works. Zimbabwes ancient stone architectural monuments and soapstone sculptures have for long attracted world attention. Ethiopia is home to the spectacular stone obelisks of Aksum and rock-hewn Lalibela Christian Churches and Palaces.

To present day Ghana the past has bequeathed a variety of cultural legacies products of the ancient gold industry, Kente textiles, colourful musical types festivals etc. But probably the most outstanding historic cultural property of Ghana is the group of castles and forts located along its coastline.Paying tribute to these unique monuments in the context of world cultural history, the UNESCO World Heritage Convention stated in 1984:

There are some parts of heritage which are of such outstanding value to the world as a whole thattheir protection, conservation and transmission to future generations is a matter not just for any one nation but for the international community as a whole.

Castles and Forts
Castles and Forts

To this end, UNESCO declared Ghanas Castles and Forts as World Heritage Monuments. Though the forts and castles were built on Ghanaian soil, the actual builders were Europeans Portuguese, Dutch, Britons, Danes, Swedes and Brandenburger.

STRUCTURE: About eighty fortifications of different types were built during the period 1482-1787. There were three distinct types of fortified stations, mainly, the lodge, fort and castle. The lodge was a miniature fort, small sized, built of earth, wood brick or local stone. It was a temporary make-shift building for small-scale commercial or military purpose pending the building of a more permanent structure. There were nearly 50 lodges built.

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