According to a former district commissioner in the Kwame Nkrumah regime, Mr. Johnson Dabo of Kadjebi, the region’s name “Volta” was adopted from the name “Trans-Volta Togoland”, the name by which the area was then known before the 1956 plebiscite when the northern sector of the region decided to join the Gold Coast. The Volta water resource also lies along its western side.
It earned the nick name “number nine” from the serial number “9” of a beauty queen from the region, Miss Monica Amekuefia from Alavanyo, who represented the region at the national beauty queen pageant in the 1960s.
Initially, about half of the region from the Atlantic coast to Kpeve was considered to be part of the Gold Coast Colony under British rule and the area from Kpeve to the north was under Germany as a result of the partition of Africa.
The area to the north of Kpeve was known as the Trans-Volta Togoland but was re-designated a Trust Colony and administered jointly under the British and French after the defeat of Germany in the World War 11. In 1956, a plebiscite was held to determine which part of the Trust Colony should belong to the British or the French.
A section of the people of the trust opted to join the Gold Coast and thus the people of the Volta Region of Ghana, while those who opted for French rule joined Togo.
SO far, 27 regional ministers or commissioners have served under the various governments from the reign of the Convention People’s Party (CPP) after independence to date under the New Patriotic Party (NPP).
Mr. C.H. Chapman was the first to be appointed regional minister from November 1957 to June 1959 under the CPP government.
Four other regional ministers were appointed by the CPP until it was toppled in 1966 in the first coup d’etat in the country.
They were Mr. F.K. Goka from June 1959 to June 1960, Mr. H.K. Boni from October 1961 to July 1965 and Mr. Joseph Kodzo from July 1965 to February 1966.
The government of the National Liberation Council (NLC) appointed Mr. E.Q.Q. Saanie from February to May 1966, as regional commissioner, to be followed later by Lt. Col. Enn Dedjoe from May 1966 to July 1967, and Lt Col, E.A. Yeboah from July 1967 to June 1968.
Mr A.S. Kpodonu was the first regional commissioner for the region under the democratically elected government of the Progress Party (PP) from October 1969 to January 1972.
Another military junta, the National Redemption Council (NRC), which seized power in 1972 appointed Major P.K.D. Habada as regional commissioner from January 1972 to May 1973, Colonel E.O. Nyante from May 1973 to January 1974, Colonel J.A. Kobore from January 1974 to October 1975 and Major G.K. Amevor became the regional commissioner for the Supreme Military Council from October 1975 to July 1976.
Under the People’s National Convention (PNP) government, Mr. N.Y.A Agbesi became regional commissioner from October to November 1979 to be followed by Mr. D.Y. Agumey who acted from November 1979 to October 1980 and became the substantive commissioner from October to December 1981.
When the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) came to power it appointed Dr N.I. Yao Fiagbe as regional secretary from December 1981 to January 1983, to be followed by Dr A.K. Asamoah-Tutu, 1983-April 1984, Col A.K. Amable from April to July 1984, Air Commodore F.W. Klutse, July 1985-June 1986, Mr. Richard Seglah, June 1986-July 1989 while Dr Francis Agble acted from July 1989 to April 1991.
The National Democratic Congress (NDC) appointed Mr. Modestus Ahiable from February 1993-December 1996 Lt Col Charles Agbenaza, January 1997-December 1998, Mr. Seidu Iddi, December 1998-February 2000 and re-appointed Lt. Col. Agbenaza from February to December 2000.
After the change of government after the 2000 elections the New Patriotic Party (NPP) government appointed Mr. Kwasi Owusu-Yeboah as regional minister from February 2001 to December 2003 to be followed by the incumbent, Mr. Kofi Dzamesi, from January 2005 to date.
It is quite interesting to note that three out of the 27 ministers that have headed the administration of the region came from Dzodze alone. They are Col Amable, Mr. Ahiable and presently, Mr. Dzamesi.
The late Col J.A. Kabore, who served under the NRC from January 1974 to October 1975, is fondly remembered as one regional minister who left an indelible mark on the region. An educational complex established during Col Kabore’s term of office under the Garrison Education Unit and which was named after him flourished rapidly and offered quality education to the public.
THERE are three main ethnic groups – the Ewes, Akans and Guans- making up the main population of the region. The languages and dialects spoken include Ewe, Akan, and Guan descent covering Adele, Nchumuru of the Nkonya and Krachi, Siwu of the Lolobi and Akpafu people, Sekpele by the Likpe people , Sele by the Santrokofis or balee, Lelemi by Buems, Atwode Tafi and Avatime. Others are the Nyangbos, Tuwuli of Bowiri, Logba, Atwode, Konkomba, Kotokoli and Basare, among others.
There are three main ethnic groups –
the Ewes, Akans and Guans.
There are 15 administrative districts in the Volta Region. They are Keta with Mr. Edward Kofi Ahiabor as District Chief Executive (DCE), North –Tongu, Mr. Moses Asem, South-Tongu, Madam Kate Aglah, Ketu, Mr. Justice Cudjoe, Akatsi, Mr. Anthony Abledu, Ho, Municipality, Mr. Mawutor Goh, Kpando, Mr. Pius Adanuty, and Hohoe, Mr. Peter Amewu.
The Jasikan District has Mr. Solomon Donkor as its DCE, Kadjebi, Mr. Kofi Adjei Ntim, Nkwanta, Mr. Joseph B.Y. Denteh, Krachi-East, Mr. Michael Yaw Gyato, and Krachi-West, Mr. Kofi Mensah Demitia, South –Dayi, Mrs. Woyram Boachie-Danqua and Adaklu-Anyigbe, Mr. Mawuli Kwame Dabi.
Politically, it has 22 constituencies. These are Krachi-East with Mr. Wisdom Gidisu as its Member of Parliament (MP), Krachi-West, Mr. Francis Osei-Sarfo, Nkwanta-North Mr. Joseph Nayan, Nkwanta-South Mr. Francis Gbediame, Akan, Mr. John Gyapong, Buem, Henry Ford Kamel, Hohoe-North, Mr. Prince Hayibor.
The Hohoe-South Constituency has Mr. Joseph Zaphenat Amenowode as its MP, North-Dayi, Akua Dansua, South-Dayi, Dr Kwame Ampofo, Ho-West Mr. Francis Agbotse, Ho-Central Captain Nfodjo (retd), Ho-East Mrs. Juliana Azumah-Mensah.
Mr. Doe Adjaho is the MP for the Ave-Avenor Constituency, Mr. Dan Abodakpi for Keta, Mr. James Avedzi Ketu-North, Albert Zigah Ketu-South, Clement Humado Anlo, Mr. Charles Hodogbey, North-Tongu, Kenneth Dzirasah South-Tongu, Joe Gidisu, Central-Tongu, and Mr. Emmanuel Bandua for Biakoye.
Traditionally, the region is governed by chiefs through various traditional councils led by the paramount chiefs.
The Volta Region House of Chiefs was established under the Legislative Instrument 991 of 1974 and comprises 15 paramountcies and traditional councils and 18 rotating members from 18 groupings, giving it a total membership of 32.
Currently, the paramount chief of the Gbi (Hohoe) Traditional Area, Togbega Gabusu VI, is the president of the regional house with Nana Okoto Kofi, the Omanhene of the Nkonya Traditional Area as the Vice President.
The 15 paramount chiefs, that compose the regional house of chiefs by law, are Togbe Afede xiv of Ho-Asogli, Nana Letsabi 11 of Santrokofi, Nana Soglo Allo 11 of Likpe, Nana Aburam Akpandja IV of Buem, Togbe Tepre Hodo of Anfoega, Krachiwura, Nana Bedemuna, Awoamefia of Anlo, Osei of Avatime, Togbe Adjatekpor, Fiaga of Akpini, Togbe Dagadu, Deiga of Peki, Togbe Kwadwo Dei, Tapahene Ogrohwe Kweku Boateng, Fiaga of Ve, Togbe Delume, Fiaga of Gbi, Togbega Gabusu and Nkonyahene, Nana Okoto Kofi.